Not to be confused with secularity or atheism. According to cross-cultural studies, secularism is expected non-affiliation decline throughout the 21st century since religion and fertility are positively related, while secularism and fertility are negatively related.
It was first attested in French as irréligion in 1527, then in English as irreligion in 1598. Secular humanism embraces human reason, ethics, social justice, and philosophical naturalism while specifically rejecting religious dogma, supernaturalism, pseudoscience, and superstition as the bases of morality and decision making. Secular humanism posits that human beings are capable of being ethical and moral without religion or a god. Freethought holds that positions regarding truth should be formed on the basis of logic, reason, and empiricism, rather than authority, tradition, revelation, or other dogma. In particular, freethought is strongly tied with rejection of traditional religious belief.
Spiritual but not religious» rejects organized religion as the sole or most valuable means of furthering spiritual growth. In contrast to religion, spirituality has often been associated with the interior life of the individual. It is sometimes considered as synonymous with ignosticism. Antireligion is opposition to religion of any kind.
It can describe opposition to organized religion, religious practices, religious institutions, or specific forms of supernatural worship or practice, whether organized or not. Atheism is the rejection of belief that any deities exist or, in a narrower sense, atheism is specifically the position that there are no deities. Agnosticism is the view that the existence of God, of the divine or the supernatural is unknown or unknowable. Agnostic atheism is a philosophical position that encompasses both atheism and agnosticism. In 1993, the UN’s human rights committee declared that article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights «protects theistic, non-theistic and atheistic beliefs, as well as the right not to profess any religion or belief. Most Western democracies protect the freedom of religion, and it is largely implied in respective legal systems that those who do not believe or observe any religion are allowed freedom of thought.
A non-denominational person or organization is not restricted to any particular or specific religious denomination. Although 11 countries listed below have non-religious majorities, it does not mean that the majority of the populations of these countries don’t belong to any religious group. A Pew 2015 global projection study for religion and nonreligion, projects that between 2010 and 2050, there will be some initial increases of the unaffiliated followed by a decline by 2050 due to lower global fertility rates among this demographic. Being non-religious is not necessarily equivalent to being an atheist or agnostic.