O or otherwise, that carries a particular network’s programming as an affiliate, or affiliation model refer to the status of carrying such programming in a given market as an «affiliation». This is especially the case for network shows airing outside the network’s primetime hours.
Some network affiliates may also choose to air season games involving local sport teams in lieu of network programming. A handful of networks, such as the U. Unlike the modern-day affiliation model with commercial stations, in which network programming is only shared between the main station in a given market and any repeaters it may operate to extend its coverage, PBS is not beholden to exclusive programming agreements with stations in the same metropolitan area. The «member station» model had historically been used in Canada in the early days of privately owned networks CTV and TVA, but the original «one station, one vote» model has largely faltered as increasing numbers of stations are acquired by the same owners.
Historically, the sole commercial station in a market would commonly take affiliations or secondary affiliations from most or all of the major national networks. As a local monopoly, a station could become a primary affiliate of one of the stronger networks, carrying most of that network’s programming while remaining free to «cherry-pick» popular programming from any or all of the rival networks. Further, with the ability of digital television stations to offer a distinct programming stream on a digital subchannel, traditional dual affiliation arrangements in which programming from two networks is combined into a single schedule are becoming more rare. One notable exception to the survival of secondary affiliations are stations owned by West Virginia Media Holdings.
In Canada, affiliated stations may acquire broadcast rights to programs from a network other than their primary affiliation, but as such an agreement pertains only to a few specific programs, which are chosen individually, they are not normally considered to be affiliated with the second network. Syndicated ‘Star Trek’ Puts Dent in Networks». Cult Television as Digital Television’s Cutting Edge». Broadcasting Notice of Consultation CRTC 2012-475″. CRTC increases the diversity of voices in the Montreal market».
Affiliation is a positive, sometimes intimate, personal relationship. Affiliation can include «concern over establishing, maintaining, or restoring a positive affective relationship with another person or persons». There are many situations in which people feel a need for affiliation. For example, in a business setting, when creating a new product there can be many different ideas on how to market the product. A recently hired employee might feel a need for affiliation to have their idea heard because they feel this is the best course of action.
If that person’s idea is a success then that individual will feel a sense of achievement. In one study, completed by Shawn O’Connor and Lorne Rosenblood, beepers were distributed to the students. The students were then asked to record, when their beepers went off, whether or not they wanted to be alone or if they wanted to be with others at that particular moment. Depending on the specific circumstances, an individual’s level of need for affiliation can become increased or decreased. Yacov Rofe suggested that the need for affiliation depended on whether being with others would be useful for the situation or not. When the presence of other people was seen as being helpful in relieving an individual from some of the negative aspects of the stressor, an individual’s desire to affiliate increases. Emotional Comparison and Self-Esteem as Determinants of Affiliation.
Anxiety and the Experimental Arousal of Affiliation Need». European Journal of Social Psychology, 9, 97-99. Affiliation motivation in everyday experience: A theoretical comparison. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 513-522.