While a university may have one or several affiliated colleges, it is not necessarily a collegiate university, which is a union or federation of semi-autonomous colleges. In the United States, Columbia University is associated in various ways with several affiliated schools. Most notably, Barnard College is legally and financially separate from Columbia but its students have access to the instruction and facilities of Columbia. Radcliffe College’s relationship to Harvard Affiliated universities resembled that of Barnard to Columbia until Radcliffe was completely merged into Harvard in 1999.
The Yale Divinity School, part of Yale University, is associated with two affiliated schools, Berkeley Divinity School and the Andover-Newton Seminary. In Canada several universities have federated or affiliated colleges, some of which predate the parent institution. Joseph’s College is the Roman Catholic liberal arts college affiliated with the University of Alberta. Université de Hearst, the only exclusively French language university-level institution in Ontario and the only federated institution not located on the main Sudbury campus. Thorneloe University, affiliated with the Anglican Church of Canada and offering courses in fine arts, theatre, classics, women’s studies, religious studies and theology. University of Sudbury, a Catholic, bilingual institution offering courses in religious studies, philosophy, indigenous studies and folklore. Huntington University, focused on arts and humanities studies, affiliated with the United Church and offering courses communication studies, ethics, gerontology, philosophy, religious studies and theology.
First Nations University of Canada, a college offering curriculum developed in partnership with First Nations communities and social support for First Nations students. All three colleges are located on the University of Regina’s main campus, and all students of the federated colleges are also registered as students of the university. The University of Toronto is a collegiate university consisting of a federation of 11 colleges, with various degrees of independence and autonomy, organized under a central Governing Council. All students can take courses offered by the university and any of the colleges, degrees bear the university’s name and seal, and admission to college residences is not restricted based on religious beliefs.